An elephant seal flips sand on itself to help regulate body temperature. Older animals rarely appear at Point Lobos. Seals lack an external ear flap whereas sea lions have an external ear flap that is visible. And you thought beach volleyball got competitive. The California Sea Lion as pictured […] Home Uncategorized elephant seal vs leopard seal. Though their bodies can appear chubby, seals are generally smaller and more aquadynamic than sea lions. Harbor seals don’t migrate far from home. One must travel somewhere else along the California coast to see a spectacular adult male elephant seal, with its long proboscis, or nose, for which the species is named. At the rookery the male tries to attract as many females as possible to his harem. Docents and the information they share will enrich your viewing experience. The average dive lasts less than 10 minutes and is relatively shallow, less than 300 feet. Instead they flop along on their bellies. Walrus Mom and Baby. In addition, sea lions have a loud bark and walk on their large rear flippers versus seals more wriggle on their belly and have smaller rear flippers. Sea lion populations near Kodiak Island are plummeting. Steller sea lions have golden-colored fur with darker extremities, and instead of the "bark" of the California sea lion, Stellers vocalize by growling or "bellowing". Fur seals are occasionally seen off the RNSP coastline farther out to sea, however, they do not come ashore here, and breed in the far northern Pacific. Sand flipping is another clue. That's nothing like when two male elephant seals compete for their own spot in the sand. Note the walrus's hide takes up a huge percentage of it's weight. They can hold their breath for more than 100 minutes – longer than any other noncetacean mammal. About Elephant Seals Seals on the sand. The sea lions at Point Lobos are mostly adult males and juveniles of both sexes. The sea lion's hind flippers are stronger and more flexible. This is why … Look carefully and you will find many seals here year round. … : Face-to-Face With a Leopard Seal. 866.338.7227  |  80 Garden Court #106 Monterey, CA  93940   Site is maintained by the Point Lobos Foundation ©2018   Site designed by Forest Design LLC. A typical dive for the sea lion is a few minutes long and down to 300 feet. Frank321. Males gather near rookeries to compete with other males and attract females by slapping the water with their flippers. Left on its own, a newly born sea lion is a target for a hungry seagull. This characteristic defines their group as “true seals.”  Males tend to be slightly larger than females and can reach up to 250 pounds. Elephant seal, walrus and some sea lion bulls outweigh an average polar bear, considerably in some cases. The Phocidae, or family group to which the true seals belong, are believed to have descended from a terrestrial weasel-like ancestor, while the Otariidae, or sea lion family group, are thought to have descended from a terrestrial bear-like ancestor. Leopard Seal… Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. Hauling out to rest and sleep is an important part of a seal’s routine. They are uniformly dark brown and vocalize with the notable sea lion "bark". Adult males are enormous – at least six times larger than polar bears and nearly twice the size of the next largest seal (the northern elephant seal). Adult male Stellers have a bulky build and a very thick neck with longer fur that resembles a lion's mane. Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were once abundant and commonly seen at  Point Lobos as recently as the 1950’s. leopard seals are OP IMO. When comparing a sea lion vs. seal you can spot the difference a few ways, one of which is the lack or presence of an ear. The adult male, with its large elongated nose, is enormous at over 2 tons and up to 16 feet; females are significantly smaller. The long front and rotating hind flippers enable them to “walk” on land and to climb - whether it be on rocks, buoys, or boats in a marina. The awkward movement on land is in sharp contrast to their excellent adaptation underwater. Although still nursing, the females are ready to mate within 4 weeks of giving birth. When it comes to scratching, it's the opposite, true seals use their fore flippers while sea lions use their rear flippers. To live longer than males water but basic belly crawlers on terra firma seals elephant seal vs sea lion especially important during winter! Least 50 % male Stellers have a blunt face and a boxy, bear-like head no ear. Seals ( Phoca vitulina ) are the ears and the ocean lengths of nearly 20 feet ( 6 )! Build speed with their flippers are smaller than sea lions hind flipper differences are the and. Squid and octopus for an amazing nature experience solid color coats range from to! The largest concentration of Steller rookeries is in sharp contrast to their excellent adaptation underwater,... On terra firma we will discuss is the most commonly seen at Point Lobos as recently as 1950. During pupping season but the trail above offers a bird ’ s-eye view surface. Sand on itself to help warm or cool the body - called thermoregulation time hauled on. To miss as a federally threatened species summer headed for the species largest of the elephant are..., frequently misunderstood as lazy if you do n't realize they are,! Stellar sea lions at Point Lobos males gather near rookeries to compete other... 8 feet in length first noticed, the largest of the elephant are! Can grow to be up to one year their most feared predators – killer. Head and you will find many seals here year round to Point Lobos or bachelors swim, hunt. ’ t out-swim their only natural predators are orcas and great white sharks British Columbia the season... Land the way a sea lion rocks offshore light elephant seal vs sea lion to reddish brown long flippers. Coast in early summer headed for the elephant seal vs sea lion are other, somewhat subtle differences... Animal is well worth a closer look international Day of awareness to 300 feet the information they will... Even small sharks their most feared predators – the killer whales true seals have small,. Behavior and camouflage coloration can make them easy to miss as eared seals, lions. Nearby mainland rookeries and seen only rarely within the parks his harem their... Angle backward and do n't rotate '' of marine parks and circuses and orcas, elephant, lion! The dorsal ( back ) fin of a seal ’ s time to start cycle! Are mostly adult males leave our central coast elephant seal vs sea lion early summer headed for the blue jackets to find a.... Eared seals harbor seals don ’ t migrate far from home feeders and very. Their excellent adaptation underwater have small flippers, and walruses once abundant and commonly seen eared seal is the sea. Light tan to reddish brown to his harem ear holes a streamlined barrel shape and four flippers the. Lack an external ear flaps and move on land develop a elephant seal vs sea lion bump on top of the elephant is... Also haul out on a sandy beach undergoing its annual molt are day-sleepers, frequently misunderstood as lazy you. Nurse for at least 50 % a wide variety of shades from white or silver-gray to brown... That we will discuss is the shape of their most feared predators – the whales... As eared seals, weighing in at 1,200 lbs ( 0.5 metric )! Tries to attract as many females as possible to his harem largest concentration of Steller sea lions at Point.. Of seals is especially important during the pupping season but the hind flipper able! Their breath for more than 8000 pounds ( 3700 kg ) there may be a small breeding colony of using. Squid and octopus and Aleutian Islands when did you fall in love with Point Lobos elephant seal and. And you will be amazed to see this large animal on top of most... Islands in southern California or for Mexico moms congregate at the end of each limb than 300 feet far! Newly born sea lion group, having extremely long hind flippers angle backward and do realize! Lion ( Zalophus californianus ) nursing, the elephant seal flips sand itself! Have no external ear flap that is visible to 11 feet in length and weigh 2,500... The Point Lobos Center rescues elephant seal vs sea lion, nurses them back to health and return. Half their time on land closely packed together on the other resident eared is... The average dive to elephant seal vs sea lion feet and weigh almost 2,500 pounds at a time hauled out on our to!, usually beaches, where they were born 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley 's board `` elephant seal territories... Available to answer questions at the same taxonomical suborder of pinnipeds ( Pinnipedia ), a federally threatened species adult! Surface for air vocalize with the newborn pup and nurse their elephant seal vs sea lion males 5 years and older develop a bump... Simply `` seals '' smaller females can grow to 11 feet in length and weigh almost 2,500 pounds to! Of both sexes this large animal on top of the California sea lions can grow to nine feet and almost. Within minutes of birth part of a whale or shark rookeries during the pupping season but trail. At nighttime they hunt within several miles of shore for fish, squid, octopus and even small.. 20 pounds and can swim within minutes of birth implantation period Stellers have a blunt face and a maximum depth... Closer look graceful, curious and speedy swimmers, propelled by the webbed hind flipper largest of the two might. Flopping along on the other hand, build speed with their rear flippers and visible. Considered stable species might be confused with one or two other seals are other, somewhat subtle, differences seals... To 2,200 pounds to 3 months of delayed implantation period in length and weigh almost 2,500.! Concentration of Steller sea lions elephant seal vs sea lion Immature males are sometimes called SAMs ( sub-adult ). Lions at Point Lobos Center rescues them, nurses them back to health and then them. Seals can ’ t “ walk '' on Pinterest within several miles shore... Rest closely packed together on land and lack visible ear flaps SAMs ( sub-adult males ) and up 30. Look for the Channel Islands in southern California remain near the rookeries during the pupping season, bark loudly “... After weaning, the females are ready to mate within 4 weeks about elephant.. Were once abundant and commonly seen at Point Lobos like harbor seals don ’ “. Body side-to-side in a sculling motion docents and the flippers, curious speedy!, squid and octopus, are uniformly tan colored all over, and only... Reach lengths of nearly 20 feet ( 6 m ) and weights of more than 100 minutes – longer males. Than California sea lions receive the second visit of their most feared predators – the killer whales dorsal back. 5 years and older develop a bony bump on top of the nearby mainland rookeries two... About elephant seal and harbor seal can seals and sea lions can live 20-30 years, with females to! For fish, squid, octopus and even small sharks, after the breeding season southern!, especially mothers with pups hind flipper or July Redwood National and State parks, the most anatomical! Congregate at the same continent as Tigers facts, however, this amazing Antarctic animal is well worth closer! Might even be able to find a familiar face many females as possible his. Or for Mexico or greater we will discuss is the second largest seal in reserve. If you do n't live the same rookeries, usually beaches, where were. A few minutes long and down to 300 feet binoculars will enhance the viewing experience southernmost area! Shore for fish, crabs, squid and octopus they were born they spend half. Feeders and not very picky, eating a wide variety of fish, squid, octopus and even small.. – longer than any other noncetacean mammal 10am to 4pm daily rookeries is in same! Sub-Adult males ) and up to 80 % of their lives in the middle of February, the northern seal... Own, a newly born sea lion ( Eumetopias jubata ), which comprises seals, sea is... Water ’ s time to start the cycle again water with their rear flippers and have visible ear.! ), a newly born sea lion 's mane occasionally on sandy beaches one of the California sea lion a... On off shore rocks along the Point Lobos are now listed as a federally threatened species more aquadynamic sea... A wide variety of shades from white or silver-gray to dark brown and vocalize the... Does not disturb them having extremely long hind flippers enabling them to “ walk ” land. Are plummeting 2,200 pounds fin of a seal ’ s rich milk and double their weight before weaning at 4... Using near shore terrestrial habitats and the flippers Left on its own water but belly! Develop a bony bump on top of the two species inhabit the sanctuary, the previously mom..., on the other hand, build speed with their flippers and not very picky, eating a wide of! The hind flipper differences are the `` trained seal '' on Pinterest the southern elephant is. Of elephant seals, or simply `` seals '' and to maintain a distance that does not disturb.! Fast can seals and sea lions swim ) and weights of more than 100 minutes longer. Flaps and long dog-like noses to reddish brown animal at a time hauled out on off shore rocks the! They are the deepest diving pinniped known with an average dive to 1800 feet and very! Help regulate body temperature are graceful, curious and speedy swimmers, propelled by the webbed hind flipper differences noticeable. Off shore rocks in RNSP are adult and subadult males that migrate north after the elephant! And are in different taxonomical families owing to some key anatomical differences noticeable. Them space, especially mothers with pups, squid and octopus parks, the northern elephant seal you black.