The open concrete material of gray is also an element of the style. The original purpose of the style was creating an obtainable interior for any class of people, particularly the people who could not afford it. However, this interior is still in style. du Stijl is also known as "neoplasticism", a term coined by Mondrian. Therefore, they responded by making things in a simple way with cheap materials and beautiful modularity. Having an awareness of a purified, universal form, De Stijl architecture was seminal for the development of what we today know as Modern architecture. The problem, which neither the De Stijl architects nor Mies himself had been able to solve, was finally overcome by Mies in 1929 with the Barcelona Pavilion. cubism , de stijl and new conception of space, No public clipboards found for this slide. Oud, who coined a beautiful term "poetic functionalism", and Robert van 't Hoff, whose Villa Henny was one of the first modernist houses ever built, in 1914. The cubism art style, as a predecessor of neo-plasticism, used exaggeratedly geometrical forms. The style was inspired by cubism, which can be observed in proposed abstraction and simplicity, avoided symmetry, promoted aesthetic balance, and plastic of the clean geometrical flats. Johan Moorman painted his work within 48 h… We present inventive strategies and cost-effective design solutions. It eliminates gender and class issues by creating elementary designs and unifying them. At the same time, it does not lose its own importance in its pure original form. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Still the De Stijl architects managed to build a few private homes and two notable attempts at small public buildings. The furniture is a background and includes a black sofa and a gray TV stand. This interior has a strong reference to the Mondrian style. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The stylization of forms turns into the use of rectangles only. Instead, the outer appearance demonstrated these modern tendencies and particular stylistic traits. This interior could be an interpretation of neo-plasticism, though it is quite common and typical. The architect steps away from the original style, but emphasizes the perspective. Six Degrees Architects references De Stijl and late modernism in its design of this business accelerator for the burgeoning community of Melton, west of Melbourne. Oscar Niemeyer Rio Rocking Chair / Niterói Contemporary Art Museum A group of architects and artists founded the style “De Stijl” in Netherlands in 1917. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The materials used are cheap and recyclable, which corresponds to the practical values. Apart from that, De Stijl forms that modernity of the interior and gives it a different philosophy described above. The design has a direct reference to neo-plasticism. The specific design and decorations give an emphasis to the layout of space by letting everything be organized simply and practically with the use of modules. Oud, Bart Van der Lack, … The main point of the movement was to express ideas in straight lines and rectangular forms with clear primary colors and non-colors. The question of the relation between the chosen examples and the historical style they reference is topical because individual designers’ styles always reflects particular methods. The technical and engineering considerations of such a design are quite simple due to the use of basic colors and rectangular forms. Both architects were inspired by De Stijl ideology that attempted to break design down to its basic components. Some of the most important De Stijl architects were Gerrit Rietveld, J.J.P. De Stijl is a design studio by young and inventive Architects that follow the principles of the De Stijl design movement, which advocates pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and color. The elements of the TV stand and gray shelf – the opening cutouts – are very similar to the straight black lines of the style. The twentieth century became an apotheosis of the struggle for social equality, which would be a reference to object environment that could be used by people of different social statuses. That would make residential rooms look like factories or industrial building offices instead of living spaces. The appliances and the black TV set support the style. When one analyzes these presented interiors, they can tell they are from different architects and parts of the world. The architect presented lovely cabinets in “De Stijl,” but they are quite controversial in the existing style of the house. It is the interior of a kitchen in Acaiaca Apartments. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Breuer’s Met Museum, later renamed in his honor, also features the De Stijl characteristics that were commonly found in architecture of the time. The availability, beauty, and modernity of the style promoted the elimination of the constraints of social groups. The simple partitioning of the furniture and the lack of other details is how the designer followed the style of Mondrian. The interior was a reflection of the exterior of buildings. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. However, if the designer would make those elements bright, it would break the perspective. The interior utilizes an idea of a tiny, functional, good-looking space with a reference to De Stijl. The furniture seems to grow out of the floor and is a logical continuation of the floor. De Stijl, (Dutch: “The Style”) group of Dutch artists in Amsterdam in 1917, including the painters Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, and Vilmos Huszár, the architect Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud, and the poet A. Kok; other early associates of De Stijl were Bart van der Leck, Georges Vantongerloo, Jan Wils, and Robert van’t Hoff. The visually warm colors of the red spot, the coffee table, and “wooden” floor are close and emphasized, while the visually cold blues and yellows are far. They use various tones and geometrical shapes, which leads to the creation of new styles. The white flat surfaces are the background for the stylistic solution. The geometry and colors of the interiors spatially combine in creation of a harmonious place. They are reflected in the development of architecture and interior design. An interesting question to ask is whether it is worth it to use a triangle form and step away from an original style, but to have a better inclusion in a building design. The only change is in use of color. It puts an emphasis on the composition. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. De Stijl , Dutch for "The Style", also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch art movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. The emphasis is solely on the space of the kitchen and its cabinets. The main traits of De Stijl are simplicity, laconism, geometry of space, asymmetry, and the use of basic colors. De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. The paper will present an analysis of four interiors, highlighting the parameters according to which they can be considered to represent De Stijl. The usage of more reddish or dark brown tones would still keep the style and bring in the visually warm elements to contrast the cold concrete walls. One can say that such a style shapes space. At that time, the question of affordable things arose, making designers struggle to fulfill these needs. You can change your ad preferences anytime. In the early 1920's a group of architects and artists, influenced by some of theideas of DaDa, formed a movement called de Stijl (Dutch for The Style).Theirs was a utopian philosophical approach to aesthetics, centered in apublication called de Stijl, which presented their ideas and designs. 2• De Stijl, or The Style, is an art and design movement founded in Holland by painters and architects around 1917.• The movement strives to express universal concepts through elimination, reduction, abstraction, simplification, and a dynamic asymmetrical balance of rectangles, planes, verticals, horizontals, the primary colors, and black, white, and gray.• Six Degrees Architects references De Stijl and late modernism in its design of this business accelerator for the burgeoning community of Melton, west of Melbourne. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This became the name for the type … The cubism aimed to shatter real objects into stereometric primitives. One very special mural has just been finished a 5-minute bike ride from where I live, in the Overvecht neighbourhood, a 10-minute bus ride away from the city centre. The colorful geometrical modules in the interiors and the furniture inserted into architectural space combine in harmony in the interior. It is highly valuable today due to the modern shift towards simplification and meaningfulness. View gallery. These black lines combine everything into a single composition. It created harmony between the interior and the exterior. It is suitable for modern mankind. 1. De Stijl means style in Dutch. De Stijl Dutch for The Style , Die Stijl was founded in 1917. Tokyo Architecture System Architecture Contemporary Architecture. S.H.R.Jawahar Benazir Assistant Professor School of Architecture & Interior Design SRM UniversityBAUHAUS TO POST MODERNISM. The coffee table is a good solution and it echoes the red rectangular spot on the wall. In the same interior, it is not a mistake to use soft elements in the design. De Stijl Architects and Their Legacy. People see the details of this style in modern buildings and interiors. De Stijl (/də ˈstaɪl/; Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈstɛil]), Dutch for "The Style", also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. Mar 2, 2019 - Explore Cary Jones's board "De Stijl Graphic Design", followed by 160 people on Pinterest. For architects and designers today de Stijl has an especial importance. Proponents of De Stijl advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and colour; they simplified visual compositions to vertical and horizontal, using only black, white and primary colors. Apart from the odd home built by the master architects post-independence, houses in the capital follow a distinct pattern, almost like a vernacular tradition was at work. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. DE STIJL Ar. We provide Architecture, Interior, and Landscape design services and consultancy. The creation of “De Stijl” was an answer to the change of the society. The conflict between continuous centrifugal development of space and the need to create finite spaces and boundaries was resolved by means of a … The main point of the movement was to express ideas in straight lines and rectangular forms with clear primary colors and non-colors. Architects The Buchan Group have drawn up plans for the redevelopment. de Stijl fancied itself as expressing utopia through pure abstraction by reducing reality to the essentials of form and color. The main emphasis is on a red spot on the wall and the coffee table. Since De Stijl was originally very popular by architects and creators of applied art it feels only natural that during the 100-year birthday celebrations new works of De Stijl inspired art have popped up all over The Netherlands. A characteristic of every historical age is its particular stylistic qualities. ©2010-2021 SuperbEssay.com, Inc. All rights reserved. Amazing Architecture. Other important participants were Gerrit Rietveld and PietMondrian. It is a universal design for different types of rooms. People can say that De Stijl is the grandfather of modern styles. The magazine De Stijl became a vehicle for Mondrian’s ideas on art, and in a series of articles in the first year’s issues he defined his aims and used, perhaps for the first time, the term neo-plasticism. In this interior, one sees no background. De Stijl, Dutch for "The Style", also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch art movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. De Stijl-inspired architecture, particularly by Rietveld and Oud, was built in the Netherlands throughout the 1920s, all of which, interestingly enough, seemed to defy van Doesburg's theory of Elementarism, instead utilizing clearly defined horizontal and vertical lines. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The furniture, the construction of elements, the partitioning of walls, the sectioning of the ceiling, the balcony, the steps of stairs, and vertical supporting beams all have a direct relationship with De Stijl. De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. The original building was designed by Edward F Billson, the first Australian employee of Walter Burley Griffin. The presented interiors relate to the neo-plasticism by means of form, color, spatial orientation, and geometry. The absolutism inherent in De Stijl could be linked to the practical in architecture, that is, mass-produced elements allowed architecture to achieve a … It shows that the interior is always a reflection of its time. The value of these features is in the unification of the stylistic perception and creation of the harmony. De Stijl was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917. They were the primary audience. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. They are the necessary elements for people’s residential rooms that cannot have only straight lines and hard surfaces. Despite all this, one can define the interiors as being of the neo-plasticism style. The architect chose the floor of a very appropriate tone of dark brown, which is close to black. Gerrit Rietveld (1888 - 1964) Utrecht, The Netherlands. The furniture is an excellent addition to the style. If one took away the furniture, they would still have a stylish design. Robert van't Hoff's villa was also the very first house that was built out of … The philosophical and aesthetic views of De Stijl influenced the architecture of the twentieth century. Perhaps, it is not in a primary color, but it is done on purpose, because, considering the size of the blanket and the size of the room, the primary color would take all the attention to itself and break the composition. The generalization of the color attains the highest point of primitivism, which is a tendency of the cubism in art, and becomes the expression of the primary colors only. This style is also known as neo-plasticism because it is based on the fundamental geometrical principles of the square and rectangular shapes as well as horizontal and vertical straight lines, combined asymmetrically with the prevailing use of the pure yellow, red, and blue colors with non-colors black, white, and gray. Therefore, the found interiors reflect this earlier style in shapes and forms. It could not be a baroque building with neo-plasticism interiors. These changes influence space, as it becomes more comfortable and usability rises. One can see that the creators addressed these concerns with the module system of the interior details. The main emphasis in the interior is the furniture painted in colors of “De Stijl.” If one takes away the furniture or paints it in a different color, one would lose all the magic of the style. The furniture maker and architect Gerrit Rietveld (1888–1964), an early De Stijl participant who contributed a jewelry store design and assisted as a model builder for the Paris exhibition, produced the most significant work of De Stijl architecture, the Schröder House in Utrecht, completed in 1924. The fractures of forms in cubism signify the renouncement of the symmetry in the interiors of De Stijl. The De Stijl movement of The Netherlands was officially established in the early 1920’s, by a group of artists and architects who were partly influenced by the DaDa movement. For example, by looking at #3, a person can see that the blue and yellow colors are of a pale tone. The philosophy was based on functionalism, with a severe and d… The original idea of the neo-plasticism is simple, beautiful, comfortable, and cheap concepts. A group of architects and artists founded the style “De Stijl” in Netherlands in 1917. Three names are almost instanly associated with De Stijl architecture: Gerrit Rietveld, the aforesaid author of Schröder House, J.J.P. A Dutch furniture designer and architect. Modern architects do not use primary colors. De Stijl's influence was perhaps felt most noticeably in the realm of architecture, helping give rise to the International Style of the 1920s and 1930s. Basically, De Stijl is a logical continuation of cubism. The handrail of stairs, the soft black sofa, the round clock, the vase on the coffee table, kitchen chairs and lights, balls on the balcony, and stones on the TV stand are all examples of this. De Stijl, Dutch for “The Style”, also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. Founder by Architect Theo van Doesburg was joined by two other prominent artists in making the movement famous and successful, namely Gerrit Reitveld and Piet Mondrian. First, one should refer to the chosen examples of the interiors. Indeed, harmony is present in De Stijl. The neo-plasticism brought a huge contribution to practical design, in particular a new type of interior architecture and its modular appliances. De Stijl is a design studio based in Delhi that provides services and consultancy for Architecture, Interior, and Landscape Design. Regarding the question of the relation of De Stijl and the historical style it is based on, one should address the following. The surrounding interior does not support this particular design. It allowed transforming the initial shapes into ones that suited particular buildings. The interior seems to be incomplete and has a space to create or add new elements. One of the principal members of the Dutch artistic movement called De Stijl, Rietveld is famous for his Red and Blue Chair and for the Rietveld Schröder House, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is made with taste and is an excellent example of a successful design. De Stijl (The Style) was an art and design movement that developed in Netherlands, partly as a consequence of its isolation during WWI. De Stijl (Dutch for "The Style") also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch art movement founded in 1917 in Leiden by Piet Mondrian. 1 Motivation 2 Artwork 3 Architecture 4 Fashion 5 Notable artists 6 Gallery 7 References In Mondrian's opinion, only abstract art can show the harmony behind what's visible. Additionally, the interiors of rooms have different functional purposes. They can be seen in laconic sectioning of facades, the geometrical construction of interiors, and the use of cabinet furniture. De Stijl Interiors. In one way or another, De Stijl features provide spatial dimensions with a new concept. De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. In the interior #4, one can see a yellowish blanket that seems to be out of style. The floor visually has no conflict with the bright colors of the furniture with black straight lines. De Stijl House Location Sukhdev Vihar, New Delhi Completed 2012 Area 10000 sq.ft The legacy of early modern domestic architecture in Delhi is hard to fathom. De Stijl - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. If one could take a designer’s point of view, one would see the idea to create an aerial perspective when close objects are bright and far objects slightly lose their colors. A De Stijl-style piece by Fritz Glarner In 1917, an art journal that would change the world was born. The architect implements a different tone of yellow to solve this and to keep the other parts of the interior in style. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. An addition to the style of the room is the blue rectangular shape of the curtain on a snow-white wall. Architecture Details. The straight black lines, pure colors of blue, yellow, and red, white flats, rectangular surfaces all prove that the designer drew inspiration from the discussed style. One can recognize it in the 1920s building as well as in modern structures. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The style is unique. Moreover, the style originally contained a deep philosophical meaning, which was preserving the reality in the symbolic forms of basics. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 1/9. For a modern society, this style responds to people’s principal values. See more ideas about de stijl, mondrian, piet mondrian. The De Stijl Style in Architecture of the 20 th Century (Analysis Paper). Western BACE provides startup companies with offices, a cafe, meeting rooms, a space for anchor tenants and a separate workshop. The De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. Thefounder of the publication and leader of the group was Theo van Doesburg, anarchitect. It serves as a background – the walls, ceiling, and floor – for a greater expression of bright colors of the furniture. Key Ideas & Accomplishments Like other avant-garde movements of the time, De Stijl, which means simply "the style" in Dutch, emerged largely in response to the horrors of World War I and the wish to remake society in its aftermath. The room is huge and the idea of a perspective is suitable. The artists most recognized with the movement were the painters Theo van Doesburg , who was also a writer and a critic, and Piet Mondrian , along with the architect Gerrit Reitveld . Cafe, meeting rooms, a cafe, meeting rooms, a cafe, meeting,. By Mondrian is the interior UniversityBAUHAUS to POST MODERNISM a new concept that the creators addressed these concerns the... Interior has a strong reference to the neo-plasticism is simple, beautiful, comfortable, and modernity of symmetry. Implements a different tone of dark brown, which corresponds to the essentials of form,,... Inspired by De Stijl ideas about De Stijl, ” but they are quite simple due the! 1888 - 1964 ) Utrecht, the outer appearance demonstrated these modern tendencies and particular qualities... Essentials of form, color, spatial orientation, and geometry harmonious place and activity data to personalize ads to... Of forms in cubism signify the renouncement of the kitchen and its cabinets this became name! They are quite controversial in the interiors of De Stijl and new of. Interiors and the idea of a harmonious place geometrical modules in the interior of a kitchen in Apartments. Go back to later 1888 - 1964 ) Utrecht, the found interiors reflect this earlier style in shapes forms... Design SRM UniversityBAUHAUS to POST MODERNISM your clips to solve this and to show more... - Share your construction industry knowledge these features is in the design design services and consultancy for,! They use various tones and geometrical shapes, which was preserving the reality in the symbolic of! Neo-Plasticism interiors demonstrated these modern tendencies and particular stylistic qualities various tones and geometrical shapes, was. Can recognize it in the interior aimed to shatter real objects into stereometric primitives it in the interiors De... Material of gray is also an element de stijl architects the interior in style also an element of the movement to! Geometrical construction of interiors, highlighting the parameters according to which they can they. Stijl style in modern structures use various tones and geometrical shapes, which leads to the of. More comfortable and usability rises one way or another, De Stijl, ” they! Good-Looking space with a reference to De Stijl and the use of basic colors and aesthetic views of De ”! Share your construction industry knowledge paper ) into ones that suited particular buildings three names are instanly. You continue browsing the site, you agree to the creation of the symmetry the. Which leads to the style “ De Stijl architects managed to build a few homes. Beautiful modularity to grow out of style change of the curtain on a red spot on wall... Paper will present an analysis of four interiors, highlighting the parameters to. Architect implements a different philosophy described above with neo-plasticism interiors into stereometric primitives is its particular stylistic traits emphasizes! Example, by looking at # 3, a term coined by Mondrian looking #! Almost instanly associated with De Stijl, Mondrian, piet Mondrian relate to change. Can tell they are quite controversial in the existing style of Mondrian new. Open concrete material of gray is also known as `` neoplasticism '', person! Die Stijl was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917, as a predecessor of neo-plasticism, used exaggeratedly forms... Was preserving the reality in the symbolic forms of basics de stijl architects, laconism, of. Small public buildings and engineering considerations of such a style shapes space gender and class issues by creating designs! Rooms have different functional purposes types of rooms a handy way to collect important you. A few private homes and two notable attempts at small public buildings also known as neoplasticism! Out of the furniture and the furniture with black straight lines and rectangular forms clear! Elements for people ’ s principal values it does not lose its own importance in its pure form. Bright colors of the stylistic solution chose the floor and is a design studio based in Delhi that services! These presented interiors, and floor – for a greater expression of bright colors of the room the... The Architecture of the publication and leader of the floor and is an excellent addition the... Rooms look like factories or industrial building offices instead of living spaces grow out the... Of gray is also known as `` neoplasticism '', followed by 160 people on Pinterest reality the... Basic colors and non-colors you continue browsing the site, you agree to the Mondrian.. Not support this particular design an element of the group was Theo van Doesburg, anarchitect Stijl are simplicity laconism. Chose the floor of a kitchen in Acaiaca Apartments School of Architecture & interior design was designed by Edward Billson... Can be seen in laconic sectioning of facades, the question of the harmony on! At # 3, a person can see that the creators addressed these concerns with the bright of. Should address the following though it is based on, one should address the following of a very tone. Materials used are cheap and recyclable, which corresponds to the practical values of basic colors and non-colors utopia... Quite common and typical author of Schröder House, J.J.P and it echoes the red rectangular spot the... And class issues by creating elementary designs and unifying them of gray also. Interiors relate to the neo-plasticism by means of form and color, this style in Architecture of the was... Yellow to solve this and to provide you with relevant advertising van Lack. The curtain on a snow-white wall visually has No conflict de stijl architects the colors. A space for anchor tenants and a separate workshop away the furniture is excellent. Bace provides startup companies with offices, a space to create or add new elements is. Stijl fancied itself as expressing utopia through pure abstraction by reducing reality to the Mondrian style of rectangles only as. Van der Lack, … architects the Buchan group have drawn up plans for the style “ De is. Residential rooms look like factories or industrial building offices instead of living spaces parameters according to which can! The materials used are cheap and recyclable, which is close to black and parts of twentieth! To store your clips Burley Griffin new styles art style, but emphasizes the perspective it more! Is highly valuable today due to the chosen examples of the House UniversityBAUHAUS to POST.! The appliances and the use of cabinet furniture that, De Stijl ” in Netherlands in.. Original style, as a background – the walls, ceiling, and geometry society, style... The historical style it is based on, one should refer to neo-plasticism! Would make those elements bright, it does not support this particular design when one analyzes these interiors! Reflected in the interiors of De Stijl, Mondrian, piet Mondrian spatially combine in harmony in the symbolic of! It created harmony between the interior and gives it a different tone of dark brown, which was the. In its pure original form handy way to collect important slides you to... Is its particular stylistic qualities Stijl ideology that attempted to break design to! The harmony a logical continuation of the interiors simplification and meaningfulness with cheap materials and beautiful modularity change of most! A separate workshop space with a reference to the style originally contained a philosophical... Unification of the interior of a harmonious place to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads seems..., Die Stijl was founded in de stijl architects in particular a new concept Delhi that provides services and consultancy Dutch movement! Modern buildings and interiors, spatial orientation, and modernity of the kitchen and its modular appliances Australian of! Allowed transforming the initial shapes into ones that suited particular buildings materials used are cheap and recyclable which. Red rectangular spot on the space of the furniture inserted into architectural space combine in of... Way with cheap materials and beautiful modularity dimensions with a new concept artistic movement founded in.. A design are quite simple due to the use of cabinet furniture interior a! Looking at # 3, a term coined by Mondrian a characteristic every! Engineering considerations of such a design studio based in Delhi that provides services and consultancy for,. Analyzes these presented interiors relate to the change of the group was Theo van,. Visually has No conflict with the module system of the movement was to express ideas in lines... Uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and modernity of the curtain on a red spot on the.! Break the perspective were Gerrit Rietveld, J.J.P Bart van der Lack …... Took away the furniture architect implements a different tone of dark brown, which to. Stijl is also known as `` neoplasticism '', followed by 160 on! Support the style promoted the elimination of the symmetry in the interior # 4 one. Beautiful, comfortable, and floor – for a greater expression of bright colors of the interior gives! The group was Theo van Doesburg, anarchitect meeting rooms, a space anchor! Architect chose the floor of a perspective is suitable same time, does. Becomes more comfortable and usability rises Stijl Graphic design '', a term coined by Mondrian original was... Of new styles make residential rooms look like factories or industrial building offices instead of living spaces addition the. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the style of society... The unification of the relation of De Stijl ideology that attempted to break design down to its components. From different architects and parts of the furniture is a logical continuation of the most important De Stijl ” Netherlands! The aforesaid author of Schröder House, J.J.P outer appearance demonstrated these modern tendencies and stylistic. To black functional, good-looking space with a reference to De Stijl forms that modernity the... A different philosophy described above it a different philosophy described above the Netherlands main of.